Who Are The NBA's Most Valuable Foul Shooters?

So far in this series I've looked at insidemid-range, and 3-pt scoring. In this post,  I will define the rating for foul shooting. The final post of the series will look at the total scoring rating, which is simply the sum of all four parts.

The logic for developing the foul shooting rating is essentially the same as for all the previous ratings. We compare the player's free throw rate (FTA per 100 possessions) and free throw efficiency to the league averages at his position.

As always, we demonstrate the rating calculation with a specific player. In this case, we'll use Kevin Martin who basically makes his living at the charity stripe:

Equation_medium

Kevin Martin averages 12.2 FTA per 100 possessions at 89.1%. The league averages for SG are 4.41 and 80.1%, respectively. The first term in the rating, therefore, represents Martin's marginal value for the FTA he is expected to take. The second term represents the marginal value attributed to his additional FTA above the average. The term 1.08*0.44 represents the value that those FTA would bring if they were average possessions. Here, 1.08 is the approximate point value of a possession and 0.44 is the conversion factor to determine how many possessions would have been used by a certain number of FTA. Finally, the third term represents the marginal value of the Martin's AND1 free throw rate (per 100 possessions). Clearly, Martin generates a tremendous amount of value from his free throws. In fact, as you will see in the next post, his free throw rating alone is enough to propel him into the overall top 5. Of course, if we knew more specifically where on the court Martin draws fouls, the value could be distributed into the other three ratings. But we don't have those data, so for now, we have to resort to this separate rating for free throws.

Here were the most valuable free throw shooters last season according to this rating system:

Top 25 Starters

RANK

NAME

TEAM

POS

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

1

Kevin Martin

HOU

SG

4.14

12.2

89.1%

0.856

2

Kevin Durant

OKC

SF

3.22

10.8

88.0%

0.618

3

Carmelo Anthony

DEN

SF

2.81

11.0

81.3%

0.880

4

Kobe Bryant

LAL

SG

2.61

10.3

82.0%

0.831

5

Dirk Nowitzki

DAL

PF

2.51

8.6

90.0%

0.626

6

Russell Westbrook

OKC

PG

2.49

10.9

83.4%

0.683

7

Dwyane Wade

MIA

SG

2.22

11.0

73.4%

1.138

8

Rodney Stuckey

DET

PG

2.18

8.5

85.6%

1.028

9

Chauncey Billups

DEN

PG

2.16

8.4

93.0%

0.431

10

Kevin Love

MIN

PF

2.13

8.9

84.4%

0.610

11

Brook Lopez

NJN

C

2.10

8.1

76.3%

1.034

12

Derrick Rose

CHI

PG

2.09

9.1

85.2%

0.766

13

Danilo Gallinari

NYK

SF

2.07

8.4

89.4%

0.308

14

Manu Ginobili

SAS

SG

2.07

7.9

87.7%

0.656

15

LeBron James

MIA

SF

2.06

10.4

74.9%

0.981

16

Amare Stoudemire

NYK

PF

2.06

9.5

77.3%

0.997

17

Paul Pierce

BOS

SF

1.94

7.8

85.0%

0.786

18

Deron Williams

UTA

PG

1.92

8.6

85.5%

0.742

19

Ramon Sessions

CLE

PG

1.79

9.7

82.3%

0.506

20

Devin Harris

NJN

PG

1.77

9.0

83.6%

0.625

21

Andrea Bargnani

TOR

C

1.77

6.8

79.8%

0.830

22

Danny Granger

IND

SF

1.74

8.1

85.3%

0.459

23

Eric Gordon

LAC

SG

1.72

7.8

82.3%

0.788

24

Chris Bosh

MIA

PF

1.59

8.2

80.0%

0.662

25

Nene Hilario

DEN

C

1.36

7.9

67.2%

1.068

And the bottom...

Bottom 25 Starters

RANK

NAME

TEAM

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

161

Rajon Rondo

BOS

-1.78

2.7

55.1%

0.105

160

Mike Bibby

ATL

-1.76

1.4

61.9%

0.130

159

Ben Wallace

DET

-1.63

2.6

33.3%

0.000

158

Keith Bogans

CHI

-1.59

1.1

63.3%

0.000

157

Jason Kidd

DAL

-1.47

1.5

86.7%

0.039

156

Kurt Thomas

CHI

-1.47

1.3

59.3%

0.141

155

Andris Biedrins

GSW

-1.42

1.1

30.0%

0.036

154

Shane Battier

HOU

-1.38

2.0

63.0%

0.084

153

Kenyon Martin

DEN

-1.32

2.7

54.5%

0.246

152

Andrew Bogut

MIL

-1.32

4.9

41.5%

0.237

151

DeAndre Jordan

LAC

-1.29

5.3

43.8%

0.179

150

Mario Chalmers

MIA

-1.25

2.0

86.9%

0.034

149

Derek Fisher

LAL

-1.23

2.2

79.6%

0.163

148

Ryan Gomes

LAC

-1.23

2.0

70.7%

0.075

147

Wesley Johnson

MIN

-1.19

2.1

68.6%

0.143

146

Boris Diaw

CHA

-1.17

2.2

65.5%

0.193

145

Thabo Sefolosha

OKC

-1.16

1.9

73.0%

0.127

144

Jason Richardson

ORL

-1.15

2.3

71.3%

0.085

143

Ron Artest

LAL

-1.14

2.9

65.9%

0.111

142

DeShawn Stevenson

DAL

-1.13

1.8

75.0%

0.137

141

Omri Casspi

SAC

-1.08

2.7

66.7%

0.176

140

Hedo Turkoglu

ORL

-1.03

3.1

65.4%

0.200

139

Jose Calderon

TOR

-0.99

2.4

89.8%

0.097

138

Anthony Parker

CLE

-0.95

2.1

76.2%

0.224

137

Spencer Hawes

PHI

-0.94

2.5

51.9%

0.215

Here are the top 10 non-starters:

Top 10 Non-Starters

RANK

NAME

TEAM

POS

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

1

Corey Maggette

MIL

SF

3.21

11.5

83.4%

0.873

2

Louis Williams

PHI

PG

1.92

10.1

81.8%

0.541

3

James Harden

OKC

SG

1.52

7.8

83.7%

0.465

4

Hakim Warrick

PHX

PF

1.13

10.2

70.7%

0.512

5

Zaza Pachulia

ATL

C

1.10

7.4

74.1%

0.392

6

Jamal Crawford

ATL

SG

0.87

5.7

87.7%

0.371

7

George Hill

SAS

PG

0.78

6.0

85.8%

0.561

8

Jerryd Bayless

TOR

PG

0.72

6.9

80.7%

0.512

9

Jarrett Jack

NOH

PG

0.67

6.3

84.1%

0.444

10

Carl Landry

SAC

PF

0.61

7.0

68.6%

0.883

Warriors

NAME

TEAM

POS

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

Monta Ellis

GSW

SG

0.63

6.4

78.4%

0.441

Al Thornton

GSW

SF

0.58

5.1

80.6%

0.660

Stephen Curry

GSW

PG

0.33

4.1

95.1%

0.445

David Lee

GSW

PF

0.13

4.5

75.8%

0.596

Reggie Williams

GSW

SG

-0.38

3.8

72.5%

0.442

Jeremy Lin

GSW

PG

-0.41

4.3

78.3%

0.370

Dorell Wright

GSW

SF

-0.50

3.4

78.6%

0.208

Ekpe Udoh

GSW

C

-0.61

3.1

63.9%

0.150

Acie Law

GSW

PG

-0.64

4.0

73.5%

0.411

Rodney Carney

GSW

SF

-0.70

3.8

68.0%

0.302

Jeff Adrien

GSW

PF

-0.98

4.5

52.9%

0.529

Vladimir Radmanovic

GSW

PF

-1.10

1.4

87.5%

0.088

Andris Biedrins

GSW

C

-1.42

1.1

30.0%

0.036

Brandan Wright

GSW

PF

-1.54

3.3

46.2%

0.257

Dan Gadzuric

GSW

C

-1.55

2.4

35.7%

0.000

Charlie Bell

GSW

SG

-1.74

1.2

50.0%

0.000

Louis Amundson

GSW

PF

-2.13

5.9

35.0%

0.370

Finally, here are the ratings for starters broken down by position (ORK=overall rank; PRK=position rank):

Point Guards

ORK

PRK

NAME

TEAM

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

6

1

Russell Westbrook

OKC

2.49

10.9

83.4%

0.683

8

2

Rodney Stuckey

DET

2.18

8.5

85.6%

1.028

9

3

Chauncey Billups

DEN

2.16

8.4

93.0%

0.431

12

4

Derrick Rose

CHI

2.09

9.1

85.2%

0.766

18

5

Deron Williams

UTA

1.92

8.6

85.5%

0.742

19

6

Ramon Sessions

CLE

1.79

9.7

82.3%

0.506

20

7

Devin Harris

NJN

1.77

9.0

83.6%

0.625

29

8

Chris Paul

NOH

1.10

6.7

87.7%

0.470

42

9

D.J. Augustin

CHA

0.69

5.3

91.2%

0.467

54

10

Andre Miller

POR

0.52

5.8

87.5%

0.272

55

11

John Wall

WAS

0.44

7.4

75.3%

0.467

58

12

Steve Nash

PHX

0.39

4.8

92.8%

0.289

63

13

Stephen Curry

GSW

0.33

4.1

95.1%

0.445

64

14

Brandon Jennings

MIL

0.29

5.8

84.3%

0.246

69

15

Darren Collison

IND

0.24

4.4

88.8%

0.512

84

16

Tony Parker

SAS

-0.00

5.7

74.6%

0.554

91

17

Raymond Felton

NYK

-0.14

4.1

88.8%

0.245

92

18

Beno Udrih

SAC

-0.15

3.8

87.4%

0.409

97

19

Ty Lawson

DEN

-0.31

4.8

73.9%

0.520

110

20

Kyle Lowry

HOU

-0.51

4.7

75.1%

0.279

111

21

Jrue Holiday

PHI

-0.51

3.3

80.6%

0.492

117

22

Baron Davis

LAC

-0.56

3.8

76.6%

0.409

122

23

Jameer Nelson

ORL

-0.64

3.5

82.8%

0.210

123

24

Luke Ridnour

MIN

-0.66

3.0

89.1%

0.185

127

25

Mike Conley

MEM

-0.78

4.4

73.5%

0.166

134

26

Eric Bledsoe

LAC

-0.88

3.4

73.1%

0.343

139

27

Jose Calderon

TOR

-0.99

2.4

89.8%

0.097

149

28

Derek Fisher

LAL

-1.23

2.2

79.6%

0.163

150

29

Mario Chalmers

MIA

-1.25

2.0

86.9%

0.034

157

30

Jason Kidd

DAL

-1.47

1.5

86.7%

0.039

160

31

Mike Bibby

ATL

-1.76

1.4

61.9%

0.130

161

32

Rajon Rondo

BOS

-1.78

2.7

55.1%

0.105

Shooting Guards

ORK

PRK

NAME

TEAM

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

1

1

Kevin Martin

HOU

4.14

12.2

89.1%

0.856

4

2

Kobe Bryant

LAL

2.61

10.3

82.0%

0.831

7

3

Dwyane Wade

MIA

2.22

11.0

73.4%

1.138

14

4

Manu Ginobili

SAS

2.07

7.9

87.7%

0.656

23

5

Eric Gordon

LAC

1.72

7.8

82.3%

0.788

30

6

DeMar Derozan

TOR

1.02

6.6

79.4%

0.674

37

7

Wes Matthews

POR

0.78

5.8

85.5%

0.335

38

8

Stephen Jackson

CHA

0.77

6.4

81.3%

0.379

39

9

Richard Hamilton

DET

0.71

6.0

84.9%

0.218

44

10

Monta Ellis

GSW

0.63

6.4

78.4%

0.441

47

11

Randy Foye

LAC

0.57

4.8

91.5%

0.235

52

12

Brandon Roy

POR

0.54

5.5

84.0%

0.295

53

13

Nick Young

WAS

0.52

5.3

83.3%

0.383

57

14

Tyreke Evans

SAC

0.42

6.0

74.9%

0.564

67

15

Jodie Meeks

PHI

0.27

4.1

92.0%

0.204

68

16

Joe Johnson

ATL

0.24

4.8

81.9%

0.361

70

17

Tony Allen

MEM

0.21

6.0

73.5%

0.423

71

18

Ray Allen

BOS

0.17

3.8

91.7%

0.277

80

19

Kirk Hinrich

WAS

0.07

3.3

90.3%

0.427

82

20

Gerald Henderson

CHA

0.03

5.0

77.3%

0.295

86

21

Ben Gordon

DET

-0.01

3.8

87.3%

0.252

94

22

Anthony Morrow

NJN

-0.26

2.9

92.9%

0.205

95

23

Arron Afflalo

DEN

-0.28

3.3

84.8%

0.263

109

24

Marco Belinelli

NOH

-0.51

3.2

80.5%

0.192

119

25

Vince Carter

PHX

-0.61

3.2

69.8%

0.446

121

26

Raja Bell

UTA

-0.63

2.6

91.1%

0.025

124

27

Sonny Weems

TOR

-0.68

3.2

76.7%

0.144

126

28

Tracy McGrady

DET

-0.72

4.0

68.0%

0.230

130

29

Landry Fields

NYK

-0.81

2.7

75.2%

0.201

136

30

Carlos Delfino

MIL

-0.93

2.5

79.7%

0.034

138

31

Anthony Parker

CLE

-0.95

2.1

76.2%

0.224

142

32

DeShawn Stevenson

DAL

-1.13

1.8

75.0%

0.137

144

33

Jason Richardson

ORL

-1.15

2.3

71.3%

0.085

145

34

Thabo Sefolosha

OKC

-1.16

1.9

73.0%

0.127

147

35

Wesley Johnson

MIN

-1.19

2.1

68.6%

0.143

158

36

Keith Bogans

CHI

-1.59

1.1

63.3%

0.000

Small Forwards

ORK

PRK

NAME

TEAM

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

2

1

Kevin Durant

OKC

3.22

10.8

88.0%

0.618

3

2

Carmelo Anthony

DEN

2.81

11.0

81.3%

0.880

13

3

Danilo Gallinari

NYK

2.07

8.4

89.4%

0.308

15

4

LeBron James

MIA

2.06

10.4

74.9%

0.981

17

5

Paul Pierce

BOS

1.94

7.8

85.0%

0.786

22

6

Danny Granger

IND

1.74

8.1

85.3%

0.459

46

7

Andrei Kirilenko

UTA

0.62

6.7

76.0%

0.484

48

8

Gerald Wallace

CHA

0.57

7.7

72.6%

0.402

56

9

Rudy Gay

MEM

0.43

5.5

79.8%

0.441

60

10

Grant Hill

PHX

0.36

5.0

81.4%

0.426

62

11

Marvin Williams

ATL

0.34

4.7

85.3%

0.320

65

12

Michael Beasley

MIN

0.29

5.4

72.4%

0.718

79

13

John Salmons

MIL

0.09

4.8

80.5%

0.295

83

14

Luol Deng

CHI

-0.00

5.2

74.4%

0.371

93

15

Andre Iguodala

PHI

-0.23

6.2

67.9%

0.280

98

16

Nicolas Batum

POR

-0.34

3.2

82.7%

0.302

104

17

Richard Jefferson

SAS

-0.49

3.9

74.5%

0.234

105

18

Dorell Wright

GSW

-0.50

3.4

78.6%

0.208

106

19

Mike Dunleavy

IND

-0.50

3.6

79.2%

0.149

108

20

Sam Young

MEM

-0.51

3.4

73.8%

0.367

112

21

Wilson Chandler

NYK

-0.52

3.0

79.6%

0.292

113

22

Shawn Marion

DAL

-0.52

3.6

76.1%

0.211

115

23

Travis Outlaw

NJN

-0.54

3.6

75.2%

0.231

118

24

Francisco Garcia

SAC

-0.58

2.6

85.7%

0.219

125

25

Trevor Ariza

NOH

-0.71

3.8

67.6%

0.312

128

26

Tayshaun Prince

DET

-0.79

3.3

68.6%

0.282

140

27

Hedo Turkoglu

ORL

-1.03

3.1

65.4%

0.200

141

28

Omri Casspi

SAC

-1.08

2.7

66.7%

0.176

143

29

Ron Artest

LAL

-1.14

2.9

65.9%

0.111

148

30

Ryan Gomes

LAC

-1.23

2.0

70.7%

0.075

154

31

Shane Battier

HOU

-1.38

2.0

63.0%

0.084

Power Forwards

ORK

PRK

NAME

TEAM

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

5

1

Dirk Nowitzki

DAL

2.51

8.6

90.0%

0.626

10

2

Kevin Love

MIN

2.13

8.9

84.4%

0.610

16

3

Amare Stoudemire

NYK

2.06

9.5

77.3%

0.997

24

4

Chris Bosh

MIA

1.59

8.2

80.0%

0.662

26

5

Pau Gasol

LAL

1.24

6.8

80.7%

0.741

28

6

Tyler Hansbrough

IND

1.10

7.8

76.6%

0.596

31

7

David West

NOH

0.98

6.7

79.3%

0.624

32

8

LaMarcus Aldridge

POR

0.96

6.9

77.0%

0.668

35

9

Blake Griffin

LAC

0.90

10.5

62.3%

1.106

36

10

Zach Randolph

MEM

0.84

7.0

73.7%

0.764

49

11

Brandon Bass

ORL

0.57

6.0

80.0%

0.388

50

12

Paul Millsap

UTA

0.55

6.0

72.5%

0.798

51

13

Andray Blatche

WAS

0.55

6.2

75.7%

0.571

59

14

Kevin Garnett

BOS

0.39

4.9

85.4%

0.287

66

15

Jeff Green

OKC

0.29

4.7

79.8%

0.521

73

16

J.J. Hickson

CLE

0.14

7.9

65.2%

0.503

75

17

Carlos Boozer

CHI

0.13

6.2

67.6%

0.650

76

18

Antawn Jamison

CLE

0.13

6.0

71.2%

0.472

77

19

David Lee

GSW

0.13

4.5

75.8%

0.596

78

20

Josh Smith

ATL

0.10

6.0

71.2%

0.429

81

21

Amir Johnson

TOR

0.06

3.8

78.3%

0.644

85

22

Elton Brand

PHI

-0.01

4.8

76.4%

0.359

87

23

Luis Scola

HOU

-0.03

5.8

72.6%

0.273

88

24

Ersan Ilyasova

MIL

-0.08

3.5

89.8%

0.212

99

25

Serge Ibaka

OKC

-0.41

4.2

74.0%

0.241

101

26

Luc Mbah a Moute

MIL

-0.46

4.6

69.5%

0.287

102

27

Lamar Odom

LAL

-0.46

4.4

62.6%

0.635

114

28

Josh McRoberts

IND

-0.53

3.4

73.1%

0.348

120

29

Kris Humphries

NJN

-0.63

4.7

64.0%

0.346

131

30

DeJuan Blair

SAS

-0.83

3.7

62.1%

0.389

132

31

Jason Thompson

SAC

-0.86

5.5

58.4%

0.292

135

32

Channing Frye

PHX

-0.88

2.0

81.4%

0.204

146

33

Boris Diaw

CHA

-1.17

2.2

65.5%

0.193

153

34

Kenyon Martin

DEN

-1.32

2.7

54.5%

0.246

156

35

Kurt Thomas

CHI

-1.47

1.3

59.3%

0.141

Centers

ORK

PRK

NAME

TEAM

PSAMS

FTR

FT%

AND1

11

1

Brook Lopez

NJN

2.10

8.1

76.3%

1.034

21

2

Andrea Bargnani

TOR

1.77

6.8

79.8%

0.830

25

3

Nene Hilario

DEN

1.36

7.9

67.2%

1.068

27

4

Dwight Howard

ORL

1.16

15.6

57.4%

0.878

33

5

DeMarcus Cousins

SAC

0.94

8.2

66.0%

0.684

34

6

Tyson Chandler

DAL

0.92

7.0

71.2%

0.534

40

7

Roy Hibbert

IND

0.70

5.6

71.8%

0.609

41

8

Marc Gasol

MEM

0.70

5.4

71.9%

0.639

43

9

Joakim Noah

CHI

0.64

5.9

71.8%

0.472

45

10

Al Jefferson

UTA

0.62

4.5

71.8%

0.802

61

11

Tim Duncan

SAS

0.34

5.9

70.3%

0.263

72

12

Andrew Bynum

LAL

0.15

6.9

63.2%

0.328

74

13

Al Horford

ATL

0.14

3.4

78.0%

0.380

89

14

Kwame Brown

CHA

-0.10

6.7

54.3%

0.706

90

15

Samuel Dalembert

SAC

-0.14

3.6

70.1%

0.320

96

16

Greg Monroe

DET

-0.29

5.3

59.5%

0.343

100

17

Emeka Okafor

NOH

-0.44

5.6

52.3%

0.550

103

18

JaVale McGee

WAS

-0.47

5.1

55.3%

0.394

107

19

Chuck Hayes

HOU

-0.51

3.3

64.2%

0.200

116

20

Zydrunas Ilgauskas

MIA

-0.54

2.0

76.7%

0.139

129

21

Marcus Camby

POR

-0.80

2.3

57.8%

0.219

133

22

Darko Milicic

MIN

-0.86

3.1

52.8%

0.237

137

23

Spencer Hawes

PHI

-0.94

2.5

51.9%

0.215

151

24

DeAndre Jordan

LAC

-1.29

5.3

43.8%

0.179

152

25

Andrew Bogut

MIL

-1.32

4.9

41.5%

0.237

155

26

Andris Biedrins

GSW

-1.42

1.1

30.0%

0.036

159

27

Ben Wallace

DET

-1.63

2.6

33.3%

0.000

 

X
Log In Sign Up

forgot?
Log In Sign Up

Please choose a new SB Nation username and password

As part of the new SB Nation launch, prior users will need to choose a permanent username, along with a new password.

Your username will be used to login to SB Nation going forward.

I already have a Vox Media account!

Verify Vox Media account

Please login to your Vox Media account. This account will be linked to your previously existing Eater account.

Please choose a new SB Nation username and password

As part of the new SB Nation launch, prior MT authors will need to choose a new username and password.

Your username will be used to login to SB Nation going forward.

Forgot password?

We'll email you a reset link.

If you signed up using a 3rd party account like Facebook or Twitter, please login with it instead.

Forgot password?

Try another email?

Almost done,

By becoming a registered user, you are also agreeing to our Terms and confirming that you have read our Privacy Policy.

Join Golden State Of Mind

You must be a member of Golden State Of Mind to participate.

We have our own Community Guidelines at Golden State Of Mind. You should read them.

Join Golden State Of Mind

You must be a member of Golden State Of Mind to participate.

We have our own Community Guidelines at Golden State Of Mind. You should read them.

Spinner.vc97ec6e

Authenticating

Great!

Choose an available username to complete sign up.

In order to provide our users with a better overall experience, we ask for more information from Facebook when using it to login so that we can learn more about our audience and provide you with the best possible experience. We do not store specific user data and the sharing of it is not required to login with Facebook.

tracking_pixel_9347_tracker